What to do when a kid is drowning

Having your own swimming pool is great, especially for your kids during summer. But when left unguarded or unmaintained, they can be your kids’ greatest safety threat. According to the website of Mokaram & Associates, P.C., unenclosed swimming pools are both dangerous and attractive to children, putting them at risk of swimming pool accidents.

Drowning accounts for the most number of injury-related deaths among children 1 to 4 years old. Furthermore, it is the second leading cause of fatality among kids 14 years old and below. As such, knowing what to do in such situation can be a life-saver. Here’s what to do during a drowning situation:

  1. Get help immediately. If you are in a public pool or in a beach, call the attention of a lifeguard nearby.
  2. If you are alone, your aim should be to get the kid out of the water as soon as possible.
  3. Check the child’s breathing. You can do this by placing your ears in his nose to check if air comes out. You may also check if the chest rises.
  4. If the person is not breathing, check his pulse. If you feel no pulse within 10 seconds, be ready to perform CPR.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

CPR is a lifesaving emergency technique which uses chest compression to bring back a person’s breathing or heartbeat. If you see a kid drowning but have not received any hands-on training on CPR, doing nothing at all could result in unnecessary death. Here’s a quick guide on how to perform CPR for kids:

  1. Place the kid on his back on a firm surface.
  2. Put the heel of your one hand at the center of his chest along the nipple line. For older children, you can place the second hand on top of the other. For children under one year old, place two fingers on the infant’ breastbone just beneath the baby’s nipple line.
  3. Start compressing. Using your upper body weight, push down firmly at least two inches down at a rate of 100 compressions per minute. For smaller kids, use only one hand. For infants below one year old, press down using two fingers about 1.5 inches.
  4. Give 30 compressions. If the person is still not breathing, tilt the victim’s head and place your mouth over his. Seal the victim’s nose by pinching it and then give two breaths, each lasting one second.
  5. Continue giving the CPR until you see any movement or emergency medical responders arrive

SOURCE: http://www.parents.com/baby/safety/outdoor/first-aid-for-drowning/